TransFrameNet:Change of phase

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condense.v

  • It is said to be invisible in its natural state but will form into semi-matter under certain conditions, rather like
    invisible moist air
    näkymätön kostea ilma
    condensing
    tiivistyy
    into a filmy liquid
    kalvomaiseksi nesteeksi
    on windows
    ikkunoihin
    .
  • That explanation depends on the presence of molecular oxygen in
    the gas cloud that
    kaasupilvessä, joka
    was
    <empty>
    condensing
    tiivistyi
    to form the Sun, something the San Diego chemists think was likely, although they can not be certain.
  • It would take months for the rocks to cool off, and about a thousand years for
    the steam in the air
    ilmassa oleva vesihöyry
    to
    <empty>
    condense
    tiivistyisi
    back into the seas
    takaisin meriin
    .
  • The vapour
    Höyry
    might
    voi
    condense
    tiivistyä
    and fall on the slopes as a new sort of lubricant snow.
  • Then
    the water vapour which
    vesihöyry, joka
    condensed
    tiivistyi
    into oceans
    valtameriksi,
    must have come from early volcanic activity and from the gaseous components of the solid Earth itself.
  • Water
    Vesi
    condensed
    tiivistyi
    into a tiny pool
    pikkuruiseksi lammeksi
    in the centre of the bloom
    kukan keskelle
    .
  • The clouds of water vapour that had surrounded it
    Sitä ympäröineet vesihöyrypilvet
    had
    olivat
    condensed
    tiivistyneet
    to form seas
    meristä
    , but they were still hot.
  • The human body produces something like two litres of water vapour in an average night and in cold conditions
    this
    se
    can
    voi
    condense
    tiivistyä
    inside the filling
    täytteen sisään
    .
  • The Hindus saw
    subtle forces and proceeding energies
    hienoisten voimien ja liikkuvien energioiden
    crystallizing or
    condensing
    tiivistyvän
    into gross matter
    näkyväksi aineeksi
    .
  • Hydrogen, helium and methane
    Vety, helium ja metaani
    would not
    eivät
    condense
    tiivisty
    to form cloud particles
    pilvihiukkasiksi
    at the pressures and temperatures through the cloud regions
    pilvialueiden paineissa ja lämpötiloissa
    and therefore their relative abundances apply throughout the atmosphere.
  • Next morning the whole town and bay were shrouded in
    mist which
    sumuun, joka
    condensed
    tiivistyi
    on every cold surface
    jokaiselle kylmälle pinnalle
    .

defrost.v

  • Portions can be cut while frozen, and
    the cake
    kakun
    takes between 15 and 30 minutes to
    defrost
    sulaa
    .
  • If you are using a frozen turkey, make sure that
    it
    se
    has
    on
    thoroughly
    kokonaan
    defrosted
    sulanut
    before cooking.
  • A 5lb oven-ready turkey
    5-paunaisen paistovalmiin kalkkunan
    will take 15 hours
    to
    <empty>
    defrost
    sulaminen
    at room temperature
    huoneenlämmössä
    .
  • The turkey
    Kalkkuna
    was
    oli
    defrosting
    sulamassa
    nicely
    sopivasti
    in the garage
    autotallissa
    , the vegetables all prepared.
  • Half an hour later he was seated on her couch reading a financial magazine she subscribed to while in the kitchen
    a cheesecake
    juustokakku
    was
    oli
    defrosting
    sulamassa
    in the microwave
    mikroaaltouunissa
    , and a home-made lasagne warming up in the oven.

evaporate.v

  • The specimen should be cold and in a cool room, otherwise
    the acetone
    asetoni
    will
    <empty>
    evaporate
    haihtuu
    too quickly
    liian nopeasti
    from its surface
    sen pinnalta
    .
  • Cook gently, uncovered, stirring from time to time, for about half an hour, until most of
    the moisture
    kosteudesta
    has
    on
    evaporated
    haihtunut
    and the tomatoes are in a pulp.
  • The elasticity of each silk line and the large numbers of them, coupled with the surface tension of water, keeps the drop of water in place until
    it
    se
    evaporates
    haihtuu
    .
  • If
    the water on the leaves
    lehdillä oleva vesi
    evaporates
    haihtuu
    in strong daylight
    voimakkaassa päivänvalossa
    , it can burn the leaves causing brown areas which rot leaving holes and `tatty leaves ``.
  • There
    Tällöin
    the waters
    vedet
    are
    <empty>
    evaporating
    haihtuvat
    and supplies of fresh fish are dwindling.
  • Some particles
    Jotkut hiukkaset
    , however,
    do not
    eivät
    evaporate
    haihdu
    completely
    kokonaan
    and survive the entry-heat to impact on the Earth's surface.
  • Essential oils
    Eteeriset öljyt
    evaporate
    höyrystyvät
    readily
    helposti
    and are easily damaged by light, extremes of temperature and prolonged exposure to oxygen in the air.
  • When conditions are hot, horses can lose a lot of sweat without you even knowing because
    it
    se
    evaporates
    haihtuu
    so quickly
    niin nopeasti
    .
  • In the long run,
    every black hole in the universe
    maailmankaikkeuden jokainen musta aukko
    will
    <empty>
    evaporate
    höyrystyy
    in this way
    tällä tavoin
    .

freeze.v

  • Arctic ponds and lakes
    Arktiset lammet ja järvet
    freeze
    jäätyvät
    to depths of 1-2.5 m
    1 - 2,5 metrin syvyydeltä
    from September onward
    syyskuusta lähtien
    , and accumulate a layer of compacted snow on top of the ice during winter.
  • The river Thames in London
    Lontoon Thames-joki
    froze
    jäätyi
    right up to Westminster
    Westminsteriin saakka
    .
  • They don't know about cold so intense that
    rivers
    joet
    freeze
    jäätyvät
    over
    umpeen
    so you can drive a horse and cart across them.
  • Standing water
    Seisova vesi
    will also
    myös
    freeze
    jäätyy
    in winter
    talvella
    -- an obvious but often forgotten hazard.
  • The man slept on the floor, and
    the water that had been spilt
    läikytetty vesi
    froze
    jäätyi
    on the floor
    lattialle
    .
  • Common salt and water form
    a cryohydrate which
    kryohydraattia, joka
    freezes
    jäätyy
    at -21.2°C
    -21,2 °C:ssa
    .
  • Everything in the house
    Kaikki talossa
    froze
    jäätyi
    solid
    umpeen
    -- the water in the kettle, even my false teeth in a cup beside my bed.
  • Container-grown evergreens, such as bays (Laurus nobilis) are especially vulnerable because
    the root-ball
    juuripaakku
    may
    voi
    freeze
    jäätyä
    solid
    umpeen
    .
  • After two weeks it started snowing and
    the ground
    maa
    froze
    jäätyi
    .
  • The ice made a crackling sound now as
    it
    se
    froze
    jäätyi
    harder
    ankarammin
    and the wipers shifted it.
  • This year
    it
    se
    froze
    jäätyi
    right through
    läpikotaisin
    and they all spent the afternoon of Christmas Eve sliding on it.
  • Garlic
    Valkosipuli
    doesn't
    ei
    freeze
    jäädy
    well
    kunnolla
    , so don't keep any cooked dish containing garlic too long.

liquefy.v

  • In the event of
    the sand
    hiekka
    liquefying
    nesteytyy
    below the basement
    kellarikerroksen alla
    , the soil should still be able to support the building.
  • The residue
    Jäännös
    will
    <empty>
    liquefy
    nesteytyy
    rapidly
    nopeasti
    draining clear of the surface leaving a bright clean finish.
  • The isotherm for CO2 at 321 K shows that
    the gas
    kaasu
    does not
    ei
    liquefy
    nesteydy
    whatever the pressure or volume at this temperature
    missään paineessa tai tilavuudessa tässä lämpötilassa
    .

melt.v

  • There would be potato scones for tea, split down the middle,
    butter
    voi
    melting
    sulamassa
    in their golden hearts
    niiden kultaisissa ytimissä
    , and probably jam tarts, for Aunt Margaret was making pastry.
  • They had always made toast in the winter evenings, stretching that long brass fork towards the log fire, holding each other close while
    butter
    voi
    melted
    suli
    and bread scorched to cinders.
  • She may look like a fire-breathing dragon, but
    butter
    voi
    wouldn't
    ei
    melt
    sulaisi
    in her mouth
    hänen suussaan
    .
  • Butter
    Voi
    melted
    suli
    to liquid
    juoksevaksi
    in half an hour
    puolessa tunnissa,
    if left out of the fridge
    jos se jätettiin laittamatta jääkaappiin
    .
  • It makes superb cheese on toast because
    it
    se
    melts
    sulaa
    very easily
    hyvin helposti
    .
  • When
    the ice
    jää
    melted
    suli
    some shallow lakes remained where boulder clay blocked old river courses.
  • The short-term climatic fluctuations of the Pleistocene have resulted in rapid world-wide (or eustatic) falls and rises of sea level as
    polar ice
    napajää
    has alternately frozen and
    melted
    sulanut
    .
  • Scientists believe that if something is not done about this problem,
    glacial ice
    jäätikkö
    will
    <empty>
    melt
    sulaa
    raising the level of the sea and flooding vast areas of low-lying land
    nostaen merenpinnan tasoa ja aiheuttaen tulvia laajoilla alankoalueilla
    .
  • Outside
    the snow
    lumi
    was already
    jo
    melting
    suli
    on the slate roofs of the houses
    talojen liuskekatoilla
    .
  • Most of the snow
    Suurin osa lumesta
    had
    oli
    melted
    sulanut
    here
    täällä
    .
  • A spokesman for the National Rivers Authority said the city could face further problems if
    the snow on higher ground
    ylempien alueiden lumi
    begins
    to
    <empty>
    melt
    sulaa
    quickly
    nopeasti
    .
  • The Moon
    Kuu
    , in contrast,
    melted
    suli
    almost completely
    lähes kokonaan
    soon after it formed
    pian muodostumisensa jälkeen
    but cooled rather quickly.
  • Soldering must be carried out with great care, noting that
    most ties
    valtaosa sidoksista
    will
    <empty>
    melt
    sulaa
    instantly
    välittömästi
    if touched by a soldering iron or molten solder
    jos juotoskolvi tai sula juote koskettaa niitä
    .
  • Why
    should
    pitänyt
    the North American glaciers
    Pohjois-Amerikan jäätikköjen
    have
    olisi
    melted
    sulaa
    so irregularly
    niin epäsäännöllisesti
    ?
  • Plastic Lunch boxes, food storage containers, etc,
    Muoviset lounasrasiat, ruoan säilöntäastiat jne.
    may
    voivat
    melt
    sulaa
    if stacked close to the heating elements
    jos ne pinotaan lähelle lämmityselementtiä
    .

solidify.v

  • However, argon, being a gas, is at zero concentration when
    the rock
    kivi
    solidifies
    jähmettyy
    from the molten state
    sulasta tilastaan
    , so the amount of argon produced is measured.
  • If
    lava
    laava
    solidifies
    jähmettyy
    500,000 years later
    500 000 vuotta myöhemmin
    , the congealed magnetic needles will point the opposite way.
  • The drops of liquid
    Nestepisarat
    solidified
    jähmettyivät
    during the fall
    putoamisen aikana
    and were instantly cooled by the water, which also preserved the shot from damage by impact on a hard surface.
  • The gases
    Kaasut
    solidify
    jähmettyvät
    between 25K and 120K
    25 K:n ja 120 K:n välillä
    , so liquid helium or liquid hydrogen are used as refrigerants to prepare a solid matrix.
  • As it cools, over the years,
    the magma
    magma
    slowly
    hitaasti
    solidifies
    jähmettyy
    and forms crystals.
  • Once
    the colour
    väri
    has
    on
    solidified
    jähmettynyt
    in the palette
    paletille,
    you can treat it as normal `pan ``watercolour: the colour can be lifted off by applying a wet brush.
  • Hail occurs when the water descending from the clouds solidifies, and snow when
    it
    se
    solidifies
    jähmettyy
    in a wetter condition
    märemmissä olosuhteissa
    .
  • These
    Ne
    will
    <empty>
    rapidly
    nopeasti
    solidify
    jähmettyvät
    to form small beads of glass
    muodostaen pieniä lasihelmiä
    , a type of solid with a disorderly molecular arrangement.
  • They are consequently able to flow only very short distances before
    they
    ne
    solidify
    jähmettyvät
    .
  • Around 30 or so of the larger lakes remain, mostly composed of
    heavy crude oil which
    raskaasta raakaöljystä, joka
    is
    <empty>
    solidifying
    jähmettyy
    into a sticky, semi-viscous non-porous layer
    tahmeaksi, puolisitkeäksi, läpäisemättömäksi kerrokseksi
    .

sublime.v

  • The ice
    Jää
    sublimed
    härmistyi
    away
    pois
    , leaving the books, dry and undamaged, to be returned to Sudbury.

thaw.v

  • In the day
    Päivällä
    they
    ne
    dripped steadily and almost
    thawed
    sulivat
    , and then from dusk to the following sunrise they were slowly reformed.
  • The atmosphere
    Ilmapiiri
    was
    <empty>
    thawing
    keveni
    a little
    hieman
    ; but Paul was not prepared to grovel.
  • She
    Hän
    thawed
    suli
    out
    sufficiently
    tarpeeksi
    to allow a wintry suggestion of a smile to appear.
  • Large lakes
    Suuret järvet
    thaw
    sulavat
    round the edges
    reunoiltaan
    but tend to retain a core of ice in summer; in consequence their waters never warm far above freezing point.
  • He said: `The market is definitely thawing out from the big freeze we experienced last year, and
    it
    ne
    is
    <empty>
    thawing
    sulavat
    out from the bottom up.

vaporize.v

  • The most common type of LPG gas is butane, but
    it
    se
    does not
    ei
    vaporise
    höyrysty
    — so therefore can not burn — at temperatures below about 4°C.
  • I clasp the mahogany handle just as the door shivers its infection and walk down the crazy paving path as
    each stone
    jokainen kivi
    vaporises
    haihtuu
    one step behind me
    askeleen verran minun takanani
    .
  • Looking down on the land over seven miles below from the lofty heights where
    jet streams
    suihkuvirtaukset
    vaporize
    höyrystyvät
    behind you
    takanasi
    , it was hard to imagine the difficulties the old man must have faced.
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manner (info)
place (info)
result (info)
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time (info)
undergoer (info)
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